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PIKINEBIZ BREAKING NEWS WORLD POLITICS : Trump???s Immigration Ban:

Posted by kinepi on January 31, 2017 at 10:15 AM

POLITICS




Trump’s Immigration Ban:

Who Is Barred and Who Is Not

By ANJALI SINGHVI and ALICIA PARLAPIANO JAN. 31, 2017

 

A wide array of people are affected by President Trump’s order, which bars for 90 days people from seven predominantly Muslim countries from entering the United States: Iran, Iraq, Libya, Somalia, Sudan, Syria and Yemen. It also bans all refugees for 120 days, and Syrian refugees indefinitely.

 

After a review of the screening process, the order says officials may give recommendations for indefinite bans. Other countries may be added to the list as well.

 

BARRED

Visitors, Students and Workers

 

There were more than 86,000 nonimmigrant, temporary visits by citizens from these countries in the 2015 fiscal year, including:

 

Visitors, business travelers

67,669 entries in 2015

People visiting the U.S. for recreational or business purposes on non-immigrant travel visas like B-1 or B-2.

 

Students

14,135 entries in 2015

International students (and their families) enrolled in U.S. programs on non-immigrant visas like F-1, J-1 and M-1.

 

Temporary workers

1,005 entries in 2015

Employees (and their families) on non-immigrant work visas like H-1B for specialty workers and H-2B for agricultural workers.

 

Fiancés of U.S. citizens

772 entries in 2015

Temporary visas for fiancés of U.S. citizens and for spouses and children of U.S. citizens or green card holders who have pending immigrant visas.

 

The ban affects people who are currently in the United States on temporary visas who would normally be allowed to travel to their home country and re-enter the United States, like students. According to the Institute of International Education, 17,354 international students from the seven countries were enrolled in American institutions during the 2015-16 school year.

 

Dual nationals are also affected, though the the White House has told the governments of Canada and Britain that their citizens who are dual nationals of one of the seven countries would not be barred.

 

BARRED

New Immigrants

 

The ban also affects people newly arriving on immigrant visas, which are issued based on employment or family status. People issued immigrant visas become legal permanent residents upon arrival in the United States and are issued a green card soon after.

 

In 2015, green cards were issued to 52,365 people from these seven countries. In general, about half of recent new legal permanent residents are new arrivals to the country, and the other half had their status adjusted after living in the United States.

 

The ban also appears to affect Iraqis who worked for the United States government or served as translators or interpreters for the military and have been approved for special immigrant visas. In 2015, these visas were issued to 1,181 Iraqis.

 

There is still some uncertainty over how the order is being applied to individuals who already had been issued visas; the order states that the secretaries of State and Homeland Security may issue them on a case-by-case basis when it is in the national interest.

 

BARRED

Refugees

 

The ban on all refugees to the United States is set at 120 days. Syrian refugees, who made up the second largest group of refugees to the United States in 2016, are barred indefinitely.

 

The order allows exceptions for refugees in minority religious groups and for those already in transit for whom a denial would cause undue hardship, or in line with pre-existing international agreements.

 

When the refugee program is reinstated, refugees in minority religious groups will be prioritized for acceptance. Although the order does not explicitly mention Christians as a minority religion that will be given preference, Mr. Trump said that was what he intended.

 

 

CASE-BY-CASE

Green Card Holders

 

After initial confusion over whether Mr. Trump’s order applied to green card holders, the administration said in a memo on Sunday that they would be allowed to board airplanes headed to the United States. The memo said that they would be assessed upon arrival, and that “swift entry” would be expected.

 

From 1999 to 2015, 3.6 percent of new legal permanent residents were from the seven affected countries.

 

ALLOWED

Diplomats and Other Officials

 

The ban does not apply to some groups, including U.S. citizens and people on certain types of diplomatic or government visas. Nearly 2,500 admissions from these countries were made on these visas in 2015:

 

Diplomats

Diplomats (and their families) on visas like A-1

 

Government officials

Representatives of foreign governments or international organizations holding G-1, G-2, G-3 or G-4 visas

 

Visitors to the United Nations

People with C-2 visas to travel to the United Nations

 

NATO officials

Officials (and their families) on North Atlantic Treaty Organization visas

 Who Is Not

By ANJALI SINGHVI and ALICIA PARLAPIANO JAN. 31, 2017

 

A wide array of people are affected by President Trump’s order, which bars for 90 days people from seven predominantly Muslim countries from entering the United States: Iran, Iraq, Libya, Somalia, Sudan, Syria and Yemen. It also bans all refugees for 120 days, and Syrian refugees indefinitely.

 

After a review of the screening process, the order says officials may give recommendations for indefinite bans. Other countries may be added to the list as well.

 

BARRED

Visitors, Students and Workers

 

There were more than 86,000 nonimmigrant, temporary visits by citizens from these countries in the 2015 fiscal year, including:

 

Visitors, business travelers

67,669 entries in 2015

People visiting the U.S. for recreational or business purposes on non-immigrant travel visas like B-1 or B-2.

 

Students

14,135 entries in 2015

International students (and their families) enrolled in U.S. programs on non-immigrant visas like F-1, J-1 and M-1.

 

Temporary workers

1,005 entries in 2015

Employees (and their families) on non-immigrant work visas like H-1B for specialty workers and H-2B for agricultural workers.

 

Fiancés of U.S. citizens

772 entries in 2015

Temporary visas for fiancés of U.S. citizens and for spouses and children of U.S. citizens or green card holders who have pending immigrant visas.

 

The ban affects people who are currently in the United States on temporary visas who would normally be allowed to travel to their home country and re-enter the United States, like students. According to the Institute of International Education, 17,354 international students from the seven countries were enrolled in American institutions during the 2015-16 school year.

 

Dual nationals are also affected, though the the White House has told the governments of Canada and Britain that their citizens who are dual nationals of one of the seven countries would not be barred.

 

BARRED

New Immigrants

 

The ban also affects people newly arriving on immigrant visas, which are issued based on employment or family status. People issued immigrant visas become legal permanent residents upon arrival in the United States and are issued a green card soon after.

 

In 2015, green cards were issued to 52,365 people from these seven countries. In general, about half of recent new legal permanent residents are new arrivals to the country, and the other half had their status adjusted after living in the United States.

 

The ban also appears to affect Iraqis who worked for the United States government or served as translators or interpreters for the military and have been approved for special immigrant visas. In 2015, these visas were issued to 1,181 Iraqis.

 

There is still some uncertainty over how the order is being applied to individuals who already had been issued visas; the order states that the secretaries of State and Homeland Security may issue them on a case-by-case basis when it is in the national interest.

 

BARRED

Refugees

 

The ban on all refugees to the United States is set at 120 days. Syrian refugees, who made up the second largest group of refugees to the United States in 2016, are barred indefinitely.

 

The order allows exceptions for refugees in minority religious groups and for those already in transit for whom a denial would cause undue hardship, or in line with pre-existing international agreements.

 

When the refugee program is reinstated, refugees in minority religious groups will be prioritized for acceptance. Although the order does not explicitly mention Christians as a minority religion that will be given preference, Mr. Trump said that was what he intended.

 

 

CASE-BY-CASE

Green Card Holders

 

After initial confusion over whether Mr. Trump’s order applied to green card holders, the administration said in a memo on Sunday that they would be allowed to board airplanes headed to the United States. The memo said that they would be assessed upon arrival, and that “swift entry” would be expected.

 

From 1999 to 2015, 3.6 percent of new legal permanent residents were from the seven affected countries.

 

ALLOWED

Diplomats and Other Officials

 

The ban does not apply to some groups, including U.S. citizens and people on certain types of diplomatic or government visas. Nearly 2,500 admissions from these countries were made on these visas in 2015:

 

Diplomats

Diplomats (and their families) on visas like A-1

 

Government officials

Representatives of foreign governments or international organizations holding G-1, G-2, G-3 or G-4 visas

 

Visitors to the United Nations

People with C-2 visas to travel to the United Nations

 

NATO officials

Officials (and their families) on North Atlantic Treaty Organization visas

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